…resubjugation [of freed slaves], embodied in a "reconstruction" bargain between North and South, according to which the other purpose of the Civil War, "union," was given priority over "freedom," led to the culture of Jim Crow, radical segregation, and the use of law to keep African-Americans in an assigned place.
Carroll himself is being too simplistic here, using the broader word "freedom" in place of the historical term "emancipation", which represents the smaller and more legal goal of the time. I'm no expert, but I doubt that northern abolitionists of that era expected rapid economic or social equality to follow from emancipation. Unfortunately while pointing to the inadequacy of America’s racial and historical myths, Carroll uses an equally simplistic cliché for today’s Africa, describing it as merely the place “where the bloody legacy of colonialism plays itself out”. He also dates the 42 year old Moynihan report as “a generation ago”.
Perhaps urban yuppies need more time for a generation.